Antichrist is coming, and you must understand what the Bible says concerning his appearance! His arrival is near, just before the return of Christ.
I’ll keep updating this post for you so that you know what will happen in the near future, so please keep a close look at this post.
Both Old and New Testaments have given us hints of who he is and what he would be doing. He’s known as Adversary, Beast, Man of Sin, Son of perdition, Little horn, Fierce king, Evil shepherd, Wolf, Fourth beast, Seventh head, That Wicked one, etc.
Satan counterfeits every doctrine of the Bible and so does Antichrist. The scriptures we shall together look at shows him connected to phrases such as the snare, the fire, desolation and the place of dragon best describes him, and that his arrival involves domination of the entire world; meaning he will personally affect the life of every human being on earth.
First passage of reading;
“And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what sign will there be when these things shall come to pass?  And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.” Luke 21:7-8 KJV
Take heed to yourselves
- that ye be not deceived, Luke 21:8
- so that day come upon you unawares, Luke 21:34
This warning, “Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life…” is obviously outlining what’s wrong with so many of us today. That day comes upon us unawares, “For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.” Luke 21:35
Snares are traps used to tempt, lure and seduce their victim into harm or error. You’re caught violently unaware, and Jesus said a snare will come on the whole Earth.
Luke 21:36 says, “Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.”
Take heed that you be not deceived: for many shall come in My name, saying, I AM Christ, and the time draws near…” (vs. 8) when they shall exalt themselves above that known of God. What that means is people will not be pointed to the true Christ.
“…Go you not therefore after them!” (vs. 8).
Another passage of interest is Thessalonians and our focus is on the Man of Sin, the son of perdition – the ANTICHRIST!
Antichrist, means “adversary” or “opponent of the Messiah” in other words, he’s against Christ.
“Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.” 1 John 2:18
Of course there are many antichrists, many operating secretly, but this great one will not – he’s opposed to Christ.
In 2 Thessalonians 1:7 says “…the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels…” but before he’s revealed Antichrist’s rise comes first.
Now read 2 Thessalonians 2:3-17
 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come , except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;  Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.  Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?  And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.  For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let , until he be taken out of the way.  And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:  Even him , whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,  And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.  And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:  That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.  But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:  Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.  Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.  Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,  Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
“Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day [of Christ’s Return] shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition” (vs. 3). This “falling away” has already is work in progress.
Man of sin
John says, “…sin is the transgression of the law” (I John 3:4) and he again says “This is the love of God, that we keep His commandments…” (5:3). But this man of sin will promote lawlessness – he opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God.
This Man of Sin will be “revealed in his time” (II Thes. 2:6), he will rise from nowhere and his arrival involves “the mystery of iniquity” (vs. 7) and he “comes up out of the midst”
“Then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the spirit of His mouth, and will destroy with the brightness of His coming” (vs. 8).
He comes out of the midst with;
“All power, signs and lying wonders…” (2 Thes. 2:9).
Now read Zechariah 5:5-11
 Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth.  And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.  And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah.  And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof.  Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.  Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah?  And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.
The Man of Sin rises “out of the midst.”
“And he said, This is wickedness…” (vs. 8). Paul also called the Antichrist “that Wicked” in 2 Thessalonians 2:8.
“…cast it into the midst of the ephah and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth…” (Zech. 5:8). This is how it says that Wicked is “revealed” in 2 Thes. 2:8
Zechariah brings two other figures:
“Then lifted I up my eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven. Then said I to the angel…Where do these bear the ephah?” (5:9-10). These two great evils escort the Antichrist. They are probably Jannes and Jambres – the sorcerers who withstood Moses under Pharaoh in 2 Timothy 3:8. In Zechariah 11:8, they and Antichrist are referred to as three shepherds who abhor God, the Antichrist being the most evil shepherd there. This evil shepherd wields “instruments” (vs. 15) – his extraordinary power. God declares in verse 8: “…and My soul loathed them.” God ultimately intends to destroy them.
Understanding their supernatural power and nature, the ability to cast spells provides insight about the even more powerful man they serve.
Verse 11 of Zechariah 5 holds a big clue about the Antichrist’s intentions.
Remember, verse 10 ended with “Where do these bear the ephah?”
The answer: “…To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base” (vs. 11).
Read Revelation 17 and 18
Construction of a false Temple will commence in Jerusalem.
Habakkuk’s Vision of Antichrist
“And the Lord answered me, and said, Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it.  For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.” Habakkuk 2:2-3
“Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith” (vs. 4). Trusting or relying on God is the only way to endure this terrible trial.
“Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man…” (vs. 5).
He “…enlarges his desire as hell, and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathers unto him all nations, and heaps unto him all people” (vs. 5). Antichrist will control everyone, nations and governments together.
“Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, Woe to him that increases that which is not his! How long?” (vs. 6).
This man loots the world and all nations and everyone is powerless to stop him.
“Because you have spoiled many nations, all the remnant of the people shall spoil you; because of men’s blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein. Woe to him that covets an evil covetousness to his house, that he may set his nest on high, that he may be delivered from the power of evil!” (Hab. 2:8-9).
What kind of things will Antichrist do?
He can call down fire, use terrifying visions and voices, mass destruction, foretell events, violent possession, project their presence, rise to air, powerful storms, becoming a snake and turning water to blood, horribly afflict God’s servants, temptation, intimidating accusations, loud noises to engender fear, outright murder, lies, subtle deceptions of all kinds and many more things.
The Antichrist brings “all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: that they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness” (II Thes. 2:10-12). The judging primarily involves certain Christians who knew the truth but were seduced into sin.
The thing most to be avoided through this trial is disbelief of truth, and sin, starting with rejecting outright blasphemy by the Antichrist, but also much more.
The apostle Peter recorded one of the great keys to understanding Bible prophecy: “…no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit” (II Pet. 1:20-21).
This man will live untouchable—“delivered from the power of evil”—ruling from his “nest on high”—on the Temple Mount! The temple’s construction is funded by plunder acquired through this man’s evil covetousness—his boundless greed that cannot be satisfied. Don’t miss the connection between birds and nests, noting that storks always build at the pinnacle of tall structures.
Why Zechariah’s specific reference to the Antichrist’s house being built on its “own base”—its own foundation?
A massive foundation—for previous temples—already exists. Daniel 8 says the Antichrist will “cast down” the “place” of God’s “sanctuary” (vs. 11). God’s physical sanctuary existed on the Temple Mount. Daniel could therefore be speaking of only one “place.” Christ removes all doubt, adding crucial chilling details.
Matthew 24:1-3: “Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and His disciples came to Him for to show Him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See you not all these things? Verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. And as He sat upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples came unto Him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be?…”
Mark 13:1-4: “As He went out of the temple, one of His disciples said unto Him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here! And Jesus answering said unto him, See you these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. And as He sat upon the Mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked Him privately, Tell us, when shall these things be?…”
Luke 21:5-7: “As some spoke of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, He said, As for these things which you behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. And they asked Him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be?…”
Why this repeated emphasis on every stone being thrown down—paralleling Daniel’s report that the Temple Mount would be “cast down”? To make room for this house, everything on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount will be demolished—fulfilling Christ’s emphatic prophecy. Despite the destruction in AD 69-70, this hasn’t yet happened. Many thousands of stones still sit “one upon another” in the four walls of the foundation and on the plaza itself.
This and every stone will be cleared, no doubt by Satan’s power, to make way for the Antichrist’s world headquarters built with stolen funds.
How long will this “house” take to complete? Scripture reveals all of this must happen extremely fast. Many passages reveal the Antichrist’s reign is short—incredibly intense, but brief—meaning demolition and construction will be on a supernatural timeline. Recall he is sometimes referred to as the “seventh head.”
Notice Revelation 17:10: “There are seven kings, and the other [the Antichrist!] is not yet come; and when he comes [this is who Paul called “he that comes”—Heb. 10:37; II Cor. 11:4], he must continue a short space.” His reign is short—so temple construction is even shorter. All indications point to its completion at the 1,290 mark Daniel spoke of—meaning 45 days after the Antichrist’s 1,335 arrival.
Of course the Antichrist does not operate alone. The devil-empowered religious hierarchy beneath him forms a veritable army, with the two chief cohorts at the top. Recall that Paul said the Antichrist is revealed “in his time” (II Thes. 2:6)
The Man of Sin appears at a specific time—his time.
“This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come” (II Tim. 3:1). Perilous means “difficult, dangerous, or furious”
“Men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous [so many now live to accumulate more], boasters, proud, blasphemers…” (vs. 2).
Sinful, degenerate, decadent conduct now exists everywhere. Yet it will grow much worse when the Man of Sin arises.
Paul continues, “…disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural affection…false accusers…fierce, despisers of those that are good, traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God” (vs. 2-3).
Now verse 5: “Having a form [or appearance] of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.”
Paul quickly narrows the focus to leaders with a series of statements no one ever understood how or when to apply.
Paul is not speaking generally of bad leaders in every generation but of the last days. Now, “For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, lusts, ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth [this describes thousands today!].
Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith” (vs. 6-8).
Now another strange statement no one ever thinks about: “But they shall proceed no further [eventually this first duo is stopped, in fact, executed by Christ with swift destruction (II Pet. 2:1) this is the swift witness of Malachi 3:5]: for their folly shall be manifest to all men, as theirs [Jannes and Jambres] also was” (vs. 9).
Pharaoh and his two magicians were killed by God. Let this sink in. The ancient alliance of three evil men—Jannes, Jambres and Pharaoh—plainly types the Man of Sin and two others.
Pharaoh sought control over God’s people and to prevent their leaving Egypt. Jannes and Jambres helped Pharaoh by working false miracles at his bidding. Read II Timothy 3:13, with the last days still the setting: “Evil men and seducers shall wax [grow] worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.”
But God also calls these men “seducers.” It means “wizards—those able to mutter or cast a spell.” It also means “imposter.” First, Jannes and Jambres were primarily sorcerers—magicians—they were wizards! Wizards cast spells.
God through Paul speaks first of ancient Egyptian sorcerers, and then of coming wizards. Why? Because that’s what He wants understood.
Again, Jannes and Jambres functioning beneath the Antichrist form the three “women” of Zechariah 5, whose “resemblance [is] through all the earth” (vs. 6). These deceivers have the ability to manifest themselves to those the devil is attempting to win over in “the temple of God.” These projections into the lives of God’s people who must prove themselves faithful will provide opportunity for the Antichrist to personally “show” (II Thes. 2:4) that he is God.
Some “believe the lie” (II Thes. 2:11) and collapse. Others repeatedly turn to God under the almost unbearable pressure. A parable at the beginning of Luke 18 pictures this time. Before reading through the passage, note that it ends with a question: “…when the Son of Man comes, shall He find faith on the earth?” (vs. 8).
The Antichrist is destroyed at the precise moment of Christ’s Coming.
Keep this context in mind as we read from verse 1: “He spoke a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint.” The trial ahead can only be endured by reliance on God.
“There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man: and there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of my adversary” (vs. 2-3)—one of the Antichrist’s many names.
This pictures Christians praying to God, the judge who fears nothing.
Verses 4-5 show God allows the trial to continue—else there would be no test: “And he would not [avenge her] for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man; yet because this widow troubles me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.”
Though a parable (God cannot be worn out), the plain message is that what is coming is so horrible it will require a seemingly excessive level of reliance on God.
The parable ends: “The Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge said. And shall not God avenge His own elect, which cry day and night unto Him, though He bear long with them?” (vs. 6-7).
The intensity of this trial cannot be underestimated—but God will cut it short: “I tell you that He will avenge them speedily…” (vs. 8). Malachi 3:1 says, “…the Lord, whom you seek, shall suddenly come to His temple…” This “speedy, sudden” vengeance comes when Christ “destroys” the Antichrist “with the brightness [manifestation] of His coming” (II Thes. 2:8).
The Antichrist, Jannes and Jambres have at their disposal a large number of enforcers.
A long terrifying passage from the start of Habakkuk requires little commentary. It sets up the Antichrist in chapter 2:
“The burden [or doom] which Habakkuk the prophet did see. O LORD, how long shall I cry, and You will not hear! Even cry out unto You of violence, and You will not save! Why do You show me iniquity, and cause me to behold grievance? For spoiling and violence are before me: and there are that raise up strife and contention.
Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment does never go forth: for the wicked does compass about the righteous; therefore wrong judgment proceeds…For, lo, I [God] raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwellingplaces that are not theirs. They are terrible and dreadful: their judgment and their dignity shall proceed of themselves. Their horses also are swifter than the leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves: and their horsemen shall spread themselves, and their horsemen shall come from far; they shall fly as the eagle that hastes to eat. They shall come all for violence: their faces shall sup up as the east wind, and they shall gather the captivity [of all nations and peoples] as the sand. And they shall scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every stronghold [or fortress]; for they shall heap dust, and take it” (1:1-4, 6-10).
Origin and Downfall
Daniel calls the Antichrist “a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, the east, and the pleasant land” (8:9). This is Judea—corroborating the Zechariah 5 “Shinar” reference. Traveling southeast to Jerusalem, this man obviously comes from the northwest, making his origin easy to know.
“And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven [God’s people]; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them” (vs. 10).
The Bible reveals that stars are angels. Some of these are apparently swallowed in this.
Verse 11 shows he sets himself up as God: “Yes, he magnified himself even to the Prince of the host [Christ]…” This closely parallels II Thessalonians 2.
The archangel Gabriel explains the incredible vision to Daniel: “In the latter time of their kingdom [the four beasts introduced in chapter 7], when the transgressors [revolters] are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power [his source is Satan]: and he shall destroy [greatly], and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty [of the world] and the holy people [certain Christians].
And through his policy [intelligence] also he shall cause craft [fraud] to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of Princes; but he shall be broken without hand [by God not men]” (8:23-25).
This is a man who is personally and supernaturally executed by Jesus Christ—the Prince of Princes.
It should now be clear why Paul wrote, “…the Lord shall consume [him] with the spirit of His mouth, and shall destroy with the [manifestation] of His coming” (II Thes. 2:8).
Daniel 7:11 says this man is slain and his body destroyed and burned.
Remember, Daniel received this in vision. He saw, in horrific detail, what would come to pass and recorded it for our time. His reaction to things now just ahead? “I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days…and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it” (8:27). This suggests the great servant Daniel threw up and fainted at what you will soon see.
No one then understood because Daniel’s book was “sealed till the time of the end” (12:9)—our time now. You are learning what Daniel never understood.
After foretelling the destruction of everything on the Temple Mount in Mark 13, Christ’s disciples asked, “What shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? And Jesus answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive you: for many shall come in My name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many” (vs. 4-5).
In Mark’s account, “Christ” is in italics—meaning it’s not in the Greek.
Mark should read: “…Take heed lest any man deceive you: for many shall come in My name, saying, I AM; and shall deceive many” (13:5-6).
Mark’s account is a picture of imposters also claiming His authority but directing people to one they declare to be I AM! Recall Luke goes further: “[Jesus] said, Take heed that you be not deceived: for many shall come in My name, saying, I AM; and, The time draws near: go you not therefore after them” (21:8). “Go you not therefore after them.” The thousands who do will endure the horrors of prophecy—and loss of salvation.
Some have believed the Prince of Tyre, the False Prophet and Man of Sin are the same man. There are parallels between their descriptions, but even brief inquiry reveals the facts.
Just before referencing the King of Tyre (the devil), the prophet Ezekiel described the also-blasphemous Prince of Tyre: “Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyre, Thus says the LORD God; because your heart is lifted up, and you have said, I am a God [this man is obviously Satan-possessed], I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet you are a man, and not God, though you set your heart as the heart of God” (28:2).
Here’s how this man dies: “…I [God] will bring strangers upon you, the terrible of the nations: [other passages show this to be a powerful Gentile alliance] and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom, and they shall defile your brightness. They shall bring you down to the pit…Will you yet say before him that slays you, I am God? But you shall be a man, and no God, in the hand of him that slays you. You shall die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken it…” (vs. 7-10).
This is a man executed by “swords” at “the hand of strangers”—called the “terrible of the nations.”
Now the death of the False Prophet in Revelation 19: “The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone” (vs. 20). Keep this simple.
Death with weapons by Gentiles cannot equate with burned alive. To be the same men, they must die in the same manner.
Now the Man of Sin. How does he die?
Paul, in II Thessalonians 2, wrote this: “that man of sin…the son of perdition…that Wicked [or “lawless one”]…whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of His mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness [or manifestation] of His coming” (vs. 3, 8). This man is personally executed by Christ. That’s what it says! One man cannot die in three ways, never mind very different ones. Surely God left these clues for when they would be needed.
Let’s summarize what was no accident.
Matthew focuses on the first perilous time, Mark and Luke the second. Think from the apostles’ perspective. They knew Exodus 3: “Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers has sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is His name? What shall I say to them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and He said, Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me unto you. And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shall you say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham…Isaac, and…Jacob, has sent me unto you: this is My name forever, and this is My memorial unto all generations” (vs. 13-15).
It was Jesus Christ telling Moses His name—that it is I AM.
Before His crucifixion, Jesus asked those who came to take Him, “…Whom seek you? They answered…Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus said unto them, I AM…” (John 18:4-5). These words struck fear into His listeners: “As soon…as He had said…I AM, they went backward, and fell to the ground” (vs. 6). Also read John 8 verses 28 and 58.
The coming deceivers will endorse a human being claiming to be I AM—the one who “as God sits in the temple of God, showing himself that he IS God” (II Thes. 2:4)—that He is I AM! This would make such a man the greatest single imposter of all time. The other two wizard/sorcerers would rank with him.
The biggest remaining question is how close is the Antichrist? When will he arrive? Does the Bible offer one or more specific metrics to watch that signal his rise is near? It does.
Return to Luke and notice what immediately precedes this period of deception! In the very next verse, Jesus says, “But when you shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified [Mark adds “troubled”]: for these things must FIRST come to pass…” (21:9). Matthew 24 and Mark 13 add “rumors of wars” to the list. The wise person is watching for wars, rumors of them and commotions (meaning “instability or disorder”)! These have been steadily worsening—but have recently grown much more serious.
Wars, rumors, instability and disorder now dominate the headlines every day!
There are more problems, coming more often and that are increasingly bigger and more intense, more complicated and more insoluble. This is why Christ told His followers not to be frightened. People will soon be terrified and troubled in great numbers—and in a growing number of places already are.
Fear will become much more widespread.
Keep looking at this post for with scripture references I’ll show you what you’re to look for or avoid – you will learn how.
To be continued…